Wine Country – Tuscany
One of the most renowned wine-producing areas in the world stretches along the Lingurian coast of Italy: Tuscany. The region, with its capital Florence, belongs to the network of Great Wine Capitals, into which only one wine-growing area per country is accepted. Virtually ideal geological and climatic conditions afford wineries located here the production of high-end wines with extraordinary, unique undertones. Blessed with lots of sunshine, yet still provided with sufficient rain, the Tuscan grapes planted in the barren limestone soil produce these special wines, beloved by enthusiasts everywhere.
In Tuscany, approx. 65,000 hectares of land are dedicated to grape cultivation. The vineyards reach from the Mediterranean coast in the west of the region to the hills of the Apennine Mountains to the north and east; the south includes a stretch of land called Maremma, which extends to Latium. The majority of vineyards, approx. two thirds, are located in hills at an elevation between 100 and 500 meters above sea level.
IMPORTANT GRAPE VARIETIES
The main grape variety of Tuscany is undoubtedly the Sangiovese. It is the most important grape variety for Chianti and one of its variants, the Sangiovese Grosso or also the Brunello, is used to make Brunello di Montalcino, one of the most renowned wines of Italy. A clone of the Sangiovese grape is also used for the Vino Nobile di Montepulciano, in this case, the grape variety Prugnollo Gentile. Canaiolo and Merlot are also represented in the region, as well as Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc since the rise of the Super Tuscans. The white grape varieties include predominantly Vernaccia, Trebbiano and Malvasia, but also Vermentino, and, increasingly, Chardonnay.